It may seem simple but a lot happens from the moment a site visitor keys in a domain name in a browser to the time the browser displays the desired web page. Before setting up your very first website, it could help if you learnt what the different components of a website are and how they work. Three chief components make the display of the contents of a website on a web browser possible. These are the domain name, the server and the website files. Below is a breakdown of the differences between these three components.
Computers communicate using Internet Protocol address, which is a string of numbers unique to each computer on the internet. To access a website, you have to know the address of the server hosting it. Since it is humanly impossible to remember hundreds of IP addresses for all the sites you would like to visit, domain names serve as the more user-friendly alternatives. The domain name is the identity of the website and every website has a unique domain name.
When you have created a website, you want your target audience to be able to access it 24/7 via the World Wide Web. This means you need to have it hosted by a web hosting service provider.Web hosting is having your website and its contents stored on a server. The web-hosting servers are spaces provided by your host where you place your website files for everyone to access via the internet.You can customize this space by installing framework applications.
Your website is a collection of the files that provide your customers all the information you want them to have. Website files are written in a variety of web languages and contain various extensions. These act as instructions for the webhosting servers and the browser supposed to display the webpage. Since a website is a work in progress, you can keep updating it as you see fit from its design and structure to its content.
How they work together
These three components are intricately tied together. You need the three for a fully functional website. Once you have typed in a particular domain name in your browser, the DNS translates it into the IP address that points to the web server hosting the site files associated with the domain name. The server then sends the site files to the browser, which then displays them as a web page.
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